RU | ENG
According to IAEA data, 439 power units with a total capacity of 372.2 GW are currently in service in the world. 16% of world electric power is generated at nuclear power plants. At the same time 57% of all nuclear electric power is generated in the USA (103 power units), France (59 power units) and Japan (54 power units). In the USA, the share of nuclear generation is 19.3%, in France – 78.5%, in Lithuania – over 75%, in Slovakia – over 50%, in Finland – over 70%, and in Japan – over 35%. Nuclear power comprises over 25% of the energy balance in 17 countries of the world.
Economy growth and the associated increase in energy consumption forces many countries to actively develop their generating capacities. In the situation where strict quotas are established for emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and the prices for traditional energy carriers are growing, a whole number of states put their stakes on nuclear power. The process of reviewing national energy strategies in favor of peaceful atom received the name of "nuclear renaissance".
At present many countries have developed and are implementing projects of intensive development of nuclear power engineering. Along with Russia, new power units are being actively constructed in China, India, the USA, Canada, Japan, Iran, Finland, and other countries. Some more countries have declared their intent to develop nuclear power engineering, among them are Poland, Vietnam, Turkey, Belarus, Morocco, etc.
CJSC Atomstroyexport, which is a part of Atomenergoprom structure, actively participates in the implementation of these projects. This Russian company is the only organization in the world to construct 5 power units outside its own country simultaneously. The share of Atomstoyexport in the world market of nuclear power plant construction is about 20%, and its order portfolio exceeds $4.5 billion.
Altogether, according to IAEA estimates, up to 130 new power units with a total capacity of 430 GW may be build in the world by 2020. This should make up for the retirement of old units and provide for increase of the nuclear generation share in the world energy balance to 30%.